News and views about the implementation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 and other legislation, schemes and policies impacting the Right to Education of India's Children.
PANAJI: Goa, on Thursday, finally complied with legal requirements of
the central government by notifying the Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009. Goa was the only state that had
not notified the rules even two years after the law was enacted.
Deviating from the national pattern
of primary section from Class I to V, Goa's RTE rules define Class I to
IV as primary level due to the state's medium of instruction (MoI)
issue. The MoI changes from Class V from the mother tongue to English.
The central government's RTE Act recommends seven-and-half-hours of
schooling but in Goa-where the schools function for five
hours-authorities have played safe by avoiding the mention of extended
school hours. With the rules notified, Goa government will have to
reimburse schools expenditure incurred on education of students from
weaker and disadvantaged sections.
will be paid 50% in September and the remaining in January after
student records are verified by education officials and it is
established that the students completed 80% of the required attendance.
rules specify the composition of the school management committee which
each school has to mandatorily form now and will comprise of parents,
members of the local village or municipal authority and educationists.
committees will be responsible to monitor the functioning of the
schools and teachers and will have to draw up plans outlining the
infrastructural needs of the schools.
rules also make it mandatory for teachers to participate in training
programmes, in curriculum formulation, development of syllabi training
modules and text book development. The onus is now on teachers to assess
the child periodically and carry out remedial classes for children till
they reach the required learning levels in each subject.
school management committees will be the first grievance redressal body
for teachers, the state will constitute a school tribunal where
teachers can challenge orders of the school management committees.
completion of elementary education, every child will be issued a
certificate but it will be the responsibility of the school to ensure
that the required learning level has been achieved. Non-academic
achievements of the child will also be recorded in the certificate such
as his or her interest in sports, music, art etc.
per the rules, the state will have to establish schools with Classes I
to IV within 1 km of every neighbourhood and schools with Classes V to
VIII within 3 km of every neighbourhood.
state will have to maintain a record of all children in Goa up to the
age of 14 through a household survey and it is now the state's
responsibility to provide care to children up to the age of six when
they enter Class I.
Goa RTE rules give the state more control over private schools, which
will have to seek a certificate of recognition from the education
department and can be derecognized for not meeting the prescribed
requirements. Schools not funded by the state will have to agree to
allow inspection of their premises and accounts whenever state
authorities demand before they are granted recognition.