The court issued notices on a public interest litigation petition by filed by one Khushboo Jain, through her advocate Anant Asthana.
The plea alleged penalising children, who arrive and live at railway stations, for their "illegal travel and illegal stay" at railway stations would further complicate the problem and will not solve it in any manner.
The PIL said the Centre's failure to create procedures to protect the safety and dignity of children arriving and staying at railway stations is a violation of their right to life.
It also alleged that despite effective recommendations made by NCPCR and existence of successful intervention models, the children arriving, working and living at the railway stations continue to sacrifice their childhood.
"Children who live at railway stations are some of the most vulnerable children in India. They are sometimes sent from home by their parents to earn money, some are missing children and others have run away from home. Whatever the cause, they arrive at railway stations and face various forms of abuse from both the state and the non-state actors," it said.