News and views about the implementation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 and other legislation, schemes and policies impacting the Right to Education of India's Children.
No detention policy scrapped: Students of Classes 5 and 8 can be failed
Referring to the no-detention policy in the Act, HRD Minister Javadekar said "schools have become only schools for mid-day meal as education and learning are missing".
Pic courtesy: Pixabay
NEW DELHI: In an important development, the Lok Sabha passed a Bill to amend the Right To Education Act, allowing states to detain children in Class 5 or Class 8, or both.
Earlier, schools could not detain or make any child repeat a class until Class 8. The amendment, to Section 16 of the Act, takes away the important “no detention policy” which was enforced in 2010.
Now, if a child fails in the exam, he or she will be given additional instruction and made to take the re-examination. If the child fails again in the re-examination, the government will decide on whether to promote or fail the child.
While moving the bill in the Lok Sabha on Wednesday, Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar said the policy had been brought as it was felt that compelling children to repeat a class was demotivating, often forcing them to abandon school.
This amendment has been in the centre of the public eye for a few years now. Activists and educationists argue that diluting the bill will lead to further changes in the Right to Education Act, which is a fundamental right.
“Some argue that automatic promotion reduces incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach. Others argue that detaining a child leads to dropouts and does not focus on the systemic factors that affect learning such as quality of teachers, schools, and assessment,” writes PRS Legislative research, an organisation tracking the functioning of Parliament.
Replying to the debate in the Lok Sabha on The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (second amendment) Bill, 2017, Javadekar said that it will be at the discretion of the states whether to continue with no detention or not.
The states, he said, will decide at what level and who will conduct the examination, the minister said.
"It is a broken education system. We have to rebuild our education system," he added.
Teacher training, quality and accountability are also important, said the minister.
While moving the bill in the Lok Sabha, the minister said, "It is a very important legislation and a majority of state governments supported this Centre's proposal. It brings accountability in our elementary education system."
Referring to the no-detention policy in the Act, the Minister said "schools have become only schools for mid-day meal as education and learning are missing".
"The education system is like an inverted pyramid and adequate focus has not been given to primary education," he said.
Though the Bill has been passed, it is still unclear as to who will conduct the examination (which may lead to detention): centre or the school.
"This bill needs clarity. It should be clarified that whether the Centre or the states will conduct the exams," said Congress MP KC Venugopal.
RTE helpline, cells to open
Those who need greater clarity on the modalities of the
Right to Education Act can now hope for help through a helpline and
cells specially opened at State and district levels to coordinate
implementation of the legislation.
centralised helpline number — 1800-425-34567 — will soon be accessible,
specific numbers for all districts will also be announced.
to Education Department officials, there will be one State-level cell
at the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan office in Bangalore, which will issue
guidelines and coordinate implementation of the Act.
Cells will also be opened in districts.
Implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme in Nagaland
Some Issues and Problems
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the most significant effort of Govt. of
India initiated in November 2000 as a Centrally-sponsored scheme, to
ensure universal elementary education (of all children in the age group
6-14 years). The broad objectives of SSA are :(a)enrolment of all
children in schools, Education Guarantee Scheme centres, alternate
schools and `back-to-school` camps; (b) retention of all children till
upper primary stage; (c) bridging gender and social category gaps in
enrolment, retention and learning; and (d) ensuring significant
enhancement in learning achievement levels of children at primary and
upper primary stages. The scheme got a thrust when it became a medium to
implement Right to Education (RTE) Act which came into force on 1st
April, 2010. The SSA, a major fla…
Arunachalee to serve as NCPCR watchdog in state
Fri, 11 May 2012ANI Tweet
Itanagar, May 11 (ANI): Taking serious exception to reports of
rampant violation of human rights of the girl child, particularly in the
name of child marriage, a National Commission for Protection of Child
Rights (NCPCR) team led by Chairperson Professor Shanta Sinha, has
announced plans to appoint an Arunachalee to serve as a watchdog of the
commission in the state.
"This could be the maiden three-day visit
of the NCPCR team, including Member Dipa Dixit and Registrar B.K.Sahu,
since its inception in 2007, but we have been in constant touch with the
GoAP (Government of Arunachal Pradesh) as well as the civil society and
NGOs, who have been filing complaints on violation of child rights,"
Sinha told media here yesterday.
The team, after interacting with
faculty of the Rajiv Gandhi University on Thursday, has proposed to
collaborate with the varsity to spread awareness about chi…